New Zealand's biggest telecommunications company says proposed laws to clamp-down on online abuse will inevitably abused for malicious censorship.
Speaking before MPs, John Wesley-Smith from Telecom said under the proposed laws internet firms that
hosted websites or social media forums would end up removing content as soon as someone complained, to avoid potential penalties. The complaints system would also effectively give censorship power to complainants who might be acting maliciously
themselves. He said:
We are concerned that this will create unhealthy sensitiveness for online content hosts to remove any content that is complained about. This raises questions about censorship and freedom of speech.
For content that it did not control, such as third-party websites, the problem would be more pronounced and Telecom's only recourse would be to shut them down entirely, he said.
Telecom was speaking before the justice and
electoral select committee which is considering a bill that would criminalise harmful digital communication . It would also create a new authority to consider complaints and issue take-down notices, including against internet service providers.
The Chinese government has revealed an expansion of internet censorship with a new training programme for the estimated two million opinion monitors Beijing organised last year.
Training will target the whole range of state workers
including law enforcement, academia and state businesses.
The training course will reportedly cost 6,800 yuan ($1,108) and graduates will receive a certificate according to one of five levels -- assistant analyst, analyst, senior analyst, manager
and senior manager. The test will take three hours and participants will be required to take a refresher course at a later date.
Once trained, monitors will supervise the posting of social media messages, deleting those that are
deemed harmful. Beijing claims to have deployed advanced filtering technology to identify problematic posts, and will need to rapidly filter out false, harmful, incorrect, or even reactionary information, according to state press agency
Alongside the announcement about the training course, the government emphasised its concern over the spreading of rumours, which have recently become a euphemism for political discussion, including possible corruption of senior
officials online. Those who spread rumors would be severely punished, the statement confirmed.
Indonesia's film-censorship board has banned Darren Aronofsky's upcoming movie Noah on the grounds that it showed an image of Noah who is considered to be a prophet in the religion of islam.
The censorship board defended its decision
claiming that the film was against religious teachings and values. Zainut Tauhid Sa'adi, a member of the board, told the Indonesian news portal Detik.com:
We have our own authority. We adjust it in accordance with
society's values which uphold religious and unity values. We won't just follow in the footsteps of another country.
The chairman of the censorship board said the story presented in Noah ran counter to the relevant verses in the
religious book, the Koran. Mukhlis Paeni told the Indonesian news portal Merdeka.com:
There are many considerations. The first thing is the content of Noah is against our beliefs or not according to the story in the
Respected Indonesian film director Joko Anwar criticized the country's Film Censorship Board (LSF) for its narrow-minded ban:
If there is a fear that the film will cause unrest and
protest from some groups then the government should create a situation conducive to people growing up instead of always limiting them to a narrow-minded condition.
We don't need to get worried about a movie which they claim might
corrupt religious teachings. Nowadays, with the easy access to YouTube, banning a movie is a waste of effort. Secondly, if we are talking about film, we should see it as a work of art. Art is an interpretation of the filmmaker, so it should not be
Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes is a 2014 Japan combat game. It is as a prologue to Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain.
Hideo Kojima, in an interview with Weekly Famitsu , mentioned that thanks to the Computer Entertainment
Ratings Organization (CERO) , the Japanese video game ratings board, part of the Japanese version has been censored.
That part got flagged by CERO so the production was changed that way, but in the North American version [of Ground
Zeroes ] you can see everything, Kojima said when his interviewer expressed amazement of how far the content of Ground Zeroes went.
Reports mention that the missing details are from a waterboarding torture scene. other reports mention a
candidate rape scene.
Last December, an HIV-awareness billboard commissioned from gay artist Poko Murata appeared in the Tokyo gay district of Shinjuku Ni-chome. The billboard, advertising the AIDS pharmaceutical company Viiv Healthcare, featured a ring of Japanese men
alongside the text, There are people living with and without HIV and we're all already living together.
In January, Murata received a complaint from the Shinjuku district office that his billboard was contrary to public order and morality
because of one of the men in his ad was wearing only underwear. After re-drawing the man in a slightly unzipped pair of shorts, the office continued to complain because the man's underwear was still visible.
The artist himself considers the
complaint an obvious prejudice and discrimination against gays, especially considering that the district has numerous advertisements for straight bars featuring real-life women in skimpy underclothes.
A clothed version of Murata's sign was
placed over the original earlier this week.
New rules will require censorship approval for all streaming video. China's media censor has introduced a policy of censor first, broadcast later for local Internet companies streaming TV shows and movies, which could mean further control over
online distribution of Hollywood content in China.
From now on, online companies will have to employ government-approved censors to vet content and obtain a censorship license, then monitor content before it is broadcast, the State Administration of
Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television (SAPPRFT) said in a statement on its website:
Service companies broadcasting Internet audio and video programs, such as online dramas and microfilms etc, should have
qualified personnel examining the content, who meet the requirements for checking and have been trained by state or provincial Internet video and audio programs industry associations.
Online companies like Sohu, Youku Tudou and Baidu
have been showing TV shows such as House of Cards and Modern Family after doing their own internal censorship.
A Thai Criminal Court began hearing the case of a 65-year-old woman who stepped on a picture of the country's king in July 2012 and was prosecuted for violating the lese majeste law.
Thitinan was accused of defaming the King by allegedly stepping on
the King's picture during a pro-establishment rally in front of the Constitutional Court in July 13, 2012. The protesters at the rally brought charges against her with the police and would testify against her in the hearing.
Industry insiders have disclosed some of the hidden censorship rules that restrict TV dramas and movies in China.
Taboo topics involving ghosts and home-wreckers are avoided in accordance to China's film censorship system, a recent NetEase
report has revealed . China's administrative provisions on TV content restrict dramas from publicizing heresy or superstition [ie religion], a policy that industries have long struggled with, as stories involving spirits and immortals are
deeply embedded in Chinese myths.
Another rule forbids plot lines that threaten social morality, for example, people who break up marriages in TV shows must never be glorified and should always end up in misery.
TV shows with plots
involving children born out of wedlock are not allowed, as China's family planning policy looks down on the idea of illegitimate children. Young love and campus violence is also a big no-no, as such topics are believed to have an impact on the
psychological health of minors, according to the report.
China will no longer be able to block certain websites and search terms now that Google has begun encrypting searches in the country.
The move is part of Google's global expansion plan to close loopholes that allow government intelligence agencies,
law enforcement, and even hackers, to see users' Internet activity. As a result, China's website censoring system won't be able to detect when users search for banned or politically charged content, such as Tiananmen Square.
encryption rollout will cripple several countries' ability , such as Saudi Arabia and Vietnam, to pinpoint users who are searching for banned terms or posting forbidden content. The only other recourse is to block the search site entirely.
is the final step in the process, Peter Eckersley, the Electronic Frontier Foundation's technology projects director told ThinkProgress. Google started its quest to encrypt searches in 2010 when it allowed users to manually type in https instead of
http before the Web address. It's a small change, but it's going to make it vastly more difficult for spies --- NSA, Chinese government or Iranian government --- to see what people are searching for on Google, Eckersley said.
China's film censor is planning to decentralize the censorship process for local movies, granting bureaus in the provinces the power to censor films.
As it stands, filmmakers face lengthy waiting periods for approval of their movies from the Film
Bureau in Beijing (SARFT), which is part of the State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television.
The move is due to happen in April and is limited to local films. The censorship of imported Hollywood films, and
co-productions with international firms, will remain under the control of the central Film Bureau in Beijing.
SARFT will retain responsibility for the censorship of national films, for censoring movies produced by central government and military
film production companies, and the censorship of imported films and co-productions with overseas firms. It will also be responsible for reviewing the films that are censored by the provincial bureaus, responsible for handling the film release license and
responsible for the censorship of the film if the film production company has some objections to the decision..
Malaysia has banned an Ultraman comic book because it uses the word Allah to describe the Japanese action hero.
The Home Ministry claimed in a statement that the Malay-edition of Ultraman, The Ultra Power contained elements
that can undermine public security and societal morals. It claimed Ultraman is idolised by many children and equating the lead character, Ultraman King, with Allah would especially confuse Muslim children and damage their faith .
government demands that the word Allah should be exclusively reserved for Muslims because of concerns its use by others would confuse Muslims and tempt them to convert. It also warned that use of the word can provoke the community and threaten public
Ultraman is a fictional Japanese superhero who fights monsters and first appeared on television in the 1960s. A line in the book said Ultraman is considered and respected as Allah, or the Elder, to all ultra heroes .
3.50 is a 2013 Cambodia/Singapore crime thriller by Chhay Bora. With Doung Cheanick, Leang Honglee and Eunice Olsen.
When a young Cambodian village girl is sold off into prostitution, a brash
American documentary filmmaker ventures deep into the underbelly of Phnom Penh to pursue her story and rescue the girl, crossing paths with various other lives affected by the unspeakable terrain of the country's virginity trade.
film has been banned in Cambodia. Not quite officially banned, it's just that the censors won't issue a certificate:
Filmmaker Chhay Bora, who directed the yet-to-be released 3.50 , said that the censorship board has
never explained to him their grounds for evaluating movies.
It's like walking in the jungle with no road map to follow, said Bora, whose film on sex trafficking was supposed to be released last October but never received
final approval. Although his script was approved, Bora said that the censorship board has failed to reach a verdict on the final version. No specific cuts have been ordered by the ministry, he said, but feedback he received suggested that censorship
board members were concerned about the movie's heavy social commentary.
The Ministry of Culture film department said they didn't ban the film, but they didn't grant the licence yet, said Bora, adding that although the
film's dialogue did not seem to cause controversy, the censorship board expressed concern over not less than 10 shots. Some of the criticism, Bora said, was over shots that the board claimed represented Cambodia in a bad light, such as a taxi
driver throwing a cigarette out the window and a scene within the impoverished White Building community on Sothearos Boulevard.
Bora also said that other scenes were too political for the censors' comfort, such as a shot of
a character walking down a dusty road with Prime Minister Hun Sen's office visible in the background.
Bora also said that the board insisted that all plot conflicts be resolved before the credits roll. In particular one of his
characters, after escaping a brothel, is last seen joining a group of other former sex workers instead of trying to return home. Her ultimate fate is never revealed, but the possibility of her returning to sex work is not ruled out.
The censors said: why don't you find a solution for her, to find an NGO or new job? And I said that's not my job. The filmmaker has no possibility to solve the social problem.
Immigration New Zealand is refusing to allow members of a controversial rap group to enter the country.
California rap group Odd Future were due to play at the Rapture hip hop concert headlined by Eminem in Auckland on Saturday, however, they have
now had their visas revoked.
In a statement Immigration New Zealand said Odd Future had been deemed to be a potential threat to public order for several reasons:
Including incidents at past performances in which
they have incited violence. In one instance, a police officer was hospitalised following a riot incited by Odd Future.
The group's leader Tyler the Creator is well-known for using homophobic slurs and graphic descriptions of violence
against women in his lyrics.
The decision comes amid growing calls to axe the controversial rap group from a concert headlined by Eminem unless the act promises to censor their lyrics. The Human Rights Commission has today written to Auckland
council saying the group should not be allowed to play on council-owned land unless they exclude explicit lyrics from their performance.
Three major television networks are acting as censors to tame girl groups being sexy on the screen.
K-pop girl groups such as Girl's Day, Dal Shabet, AOA and Rainbow Blaxx will have to scale down the level of body exposure and sexy
Kim Ho-sang, chief director of Music Bank , a music show aired by the country's biggest broadcaster KBS, said he had demanded girl bands adjust the concept of their onstage dress and dancing, or face disadvantages
in programming. He explained:
We will check whether they follow the demands during rehearsals. If there is too much exposure, we will ask them to change the outfit on that day. When the dance moves are too
provocative, we will keep the camera distant.
Two other nationwide broadcasters, MBC and SBS, are implementing similar guidelines.
Agencies behind the affected musicians said they will follow the rules. We've decided to
eliminate the part where the girls stroke their legs with feathers, said Dream Tea Entertainment that manages Girl's Day in a statement.
A Thai Criminal Court handed out an unprecedented lese-majeste ruling, sentencing a man to jail for an attempt to criticise the royal family because insulting messages and photos of the royal family were found in his computer.
The court found Kittiton
guilty of three offences. Two offences was for posting twice a lese-majeste message on a web forum called Internet to Freedom on DangDD.com, a hard-core anti-establishment web forum under username Kenji. He was found guilty under the lese-majeste law, or
Article 112 in the Criminal Code and Computer Crime Act's Article 14 and was sentenced to five years imprisonment for each offence.
The third offence was for an attempt to criticise the monarchy. The prosecutor accused the defendant that
the evidence in his computer showed that the defendant had prepared to post another lese-majeste message on the web forum, but the attempt failed because of the arrest and confiscation of his computer. He was found guilty under Article 112 and Article 80
for attempted offence and sentenced him to three years and four months in jail. Nevertheless, the judges did not give the rationale for their decision.
Article 80 of the Criminal Code states that whoever commences to commit an offence, but does
not carry it through, or carries it through, but does not achieve its end, is said to attempt to commit an offence. Whoever attempts to commit an offence shall be liable to two-thirds of the punishment as provided by the law for such offence.
Kittiton says he will request for a royal pardorn.
Chinese internet users who want to post videos to Chinese sites online will have to do so under their real names from now on, the official internet censor has said.
China's State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television
said on its website that the requirement is designed to prevent vulgar content, base art forms, exaggerated violence and sexual content in internet video having a negative effect on society , Reuters reported .
Thailand's 'Centre for Maintaining Peace and Order' (CMPO) might 'invite' editors from some media outlets to instruct them to not provoke unrest through their reports, CMPO secretary Paradorn Pattanatabut said yesterday.
His statement comes one day
after the government invoked the emergency decree in Bangkok and its surrounding areas to deal with the ongoing anti-government protests led by former Democrat MP Suthep Thaugsuban. The order, which went into effect yesterday, will remain in force for
two months and allows for censorship of the press.
Paradorn, meanwhile, dismissed reports that the centre will use the authority it has been granted under the emergency decree to shut down media, saying this invitation has nothing to do with
gagging the press ...BUT...
We should understand that news reports should not be the source of provocation and instigation that can lead to chaos and unrest.
When asked if he would
invite the BlueSky Channel, which has been broadcasting the anti-government protests, Paradorn said he had already conveyed the message and that its editors would be 'invited' if there are any inappropriate news reports.
The Chinese government has intensified its control over the country's news media since Xi Jinping became president in March last year, reports the Washington Post.
Its domestic journalists risk getting fired and even jailed for their work. Censorship
has been stepped up. And new restrictions require them to seek permission before meeting foreign reporters and business people. Chinese journalism schools have been told that a provincial propaganda official will be appointed in a senior
management role at every institution.
In addition, Chinese reporters have been forced to attend ideological training meant to impart the 'Marxist view' of journalism and to pass a multiple-choice examination on their knowledge of the Communist
Party's myriad slogans.
It seems that the Beijing government is alarmed about the growing impact of social media and the way in which critical stories can spread around in an instant. Xi, in a speech last August, said:
We have to make sure the front of the internet is firmly controlled by people who are loyal to Marxism, loyal to the party and loyal to the people.
Into the River is a book by New Zealand author Ted Dawe. In September 2013 it was classified as unrestricted by the Classification Office after being submitted by the Department of Internal Affairs because of a complaint from a member of the
An application was made to the Film and Literature Board of Review for a review of the Classification Office's decision. The Board of Review classified the book as R14.
The novel is centred on Te
Arepa Santos, a boy from a fictional village on the East Coast of the North Island in New Zealand/Aotearoa. He wins a scholarship to a boys' boarding school in Auckland, and the transition is difficult. He forges friendships, finds enemies, and discovers
that his Maori identity is discounted and a disadvantage. He endures the bullying that comes from this, as well as that meted out to new boys, and sees what happens when that bullying goes too far. There are confusing encounters with sex and a growing
understanding of intimacy, the use of drugs, peer pressure, deep racism, grief and death. Decision summary
The Film and Literature Board of Review noted in its decision that the book contains themes of bullying, underage casual
and unsafe sex, drug taking and other matters that people may find offensive and upsetting. The Board considered that the book is likely to educate and inform young adults about the potentially negative consequences that can follow from involvement in
casual sex, underage drinking, drug taking, crime, violence and bullying. The Board also considered that the book serves a useful social purpose in raising these issues for thought and debate and creating a context which may help young adults think more
deeply about the immediate and long term consequences of choices they may be called upon to make.
However, there are scenes in the book that are powerful and disturbing, and in the opinion of the Board run a real risk of shocking
and disturbing young readers. Whilst those aged 14 and above are likely to have a level of maturity that enables them to deal with this, those below the age of 14 may not.
The Film and Literature Board of Review classified the
book as objectionable except if the publication is restricted to persons who have attained the age of 14 years. The Board also requires that any further publications of the book carry the same descriptive note as the present publication, reading parental advisory explicit content
The Board of Review decision replaces the one by the Classification Office. It is illegal for anyone, including parents and guardians, to supply Into the River to anyone under the age of 14.
Family First national
director Bob McCoskrie, who lodged the complaint about the book, said it was disappointing a restricted work was an award-winning children's book.
Sarawak Report has heard that movie theatres have decided it is not worth even trying to show The Wolf of Wall Street at all in cinemas in Malaysia. One movie business insider, who has made enquiries, told Sarawak Report:
I spoke with some film industry contacts in Malaysia and I'm told 'Wolf of Wall Street' was originally on the schedule for a local release, but after exhibitors saw the film, they realised there was no way they could get away with
screening it in the country, due to the drugs, nudity, profanity.
China has begun drafting new rules for the sale of video game consoles and games in the country, following the nation's announcement last week that its 14-year ban
had been lifted .
Cai Wu, head of China's Ministry of Culture, said that the rules are being written as quickly as possible, though no specific timeline for their publication was provided.
Things that are hostile to China, or not in
conformity with the outlook of China's government, won't be allowed under the rules of the free-trade zone, Cai said. We want to open the window a crack to get some fresh air, but we still need a screen to block the flies and mosquitoes.