Passengers on ferries to the Isle of Wight and Scottish islands such as Mull and Skye will soon have to carry identity papers to comply with new police powers.
And travellers flying between British cities or to Northern Ireland face having their
personal data logged when booking tickets and checking in.
Until now ferry passengers on most routes in Britain have not been required to produce ID and internal flight passengers only face random police checks.
But under new Government
security rules that will come into force next year, personal data, including name, date of birth and home address, will be typed into a computer record for the police by the booking clerk or travel agent.
Under the new powers, police will be able
to track the movements of around 60million domestic passengers a year. The controversial measures were due to be introduced two years ago, but were dropped after protests from Ulster politicians, who said the plan would construct ‘internal borders' in
But last week the Government used the release of its anti-terrorism strategy to quietly reintroduce them. Buried on Page 113 of the 174-page ‘CONTEST' document was the announcement of new police powers to collect advanced passenger
data on some domestic air and sea journeys.
Last night a Home Office spokesman confirmed the measures would require passengers to show photo ID, such as a driving licence or the (proposed) Government ID cards, when booking tickets for
domestic air and sea journeys.
He added that ferry journeys to the Isle of Wight or the Isle of Skye and private jet passengers would be included in the new measures, due to be formally announced later this year. The powers will
be introduced using a so-called statutory instrument signed off by the Home Secretary Jacqui Smith, without the need for a full debate in the House of Commons.
Councils have abused powers designed to stop terrorists to launch more than 20,000 covert spying operations into everything from stealing fairy lights to the illegal sale of crabs, The Daily Telegraph can reveal.
Figures obtained under the
Freedom of Information Act show that thousands of council staff have been authorised to use anti-terrorism powers to covertly keep watch on people.
Some councils used the powers to see of a staff member was working while off sick or
checked whether a claimant's partner is living at an address.
The Regulation of Investigative Powers Act (Ripa) was originally introduced by the Government to help in the fight against terrorism.
The powers to spy on other people
were introduced in 2000 and were extended in 2003 to 795 bodies have been given the right to use the powers, including councils in Britain.
A survey of 400 councils in England and Wales by the Liberal Democrats using the FOI Act found that many
of them were using the powers to investigate trivial misdemeanours. In the study, 182 local authorities admitting employing 1,615 staff who had used the powers 10,133 times in the past five years. If the figures are extrapolated for all 400 councils in
England and Wales, it would mean that 3,600 staff have spied on local people 22,000 times since 2004. The study found that less than one in 10 of spying missions resulted in a prosecution, caution or fixed penalty notice.
Across the 180 councils,
the spying powers were mostly used to tackle benefit fraud (1,782 times), noise nuisance (942 times) and trading standards breaches (734 times). However the powers were also used on 451 investigations into fly-tipping investigations and on 88 cases of
unlawful dog fouling.
Millions of Britons who use social networking sites such as Facebook could soon have their every move monitored by the Government and saved on their "Big Brother" database monstrosity.
The idea to police MySpace, Bebo and Facebook comes
on top of plans to store information about every phone call, email and internet visit made by everyone in the United Kingdom. Almost half the British population – some 25 million people – are thought to use social networking sites.
The use of
social networking sites has boomed in the last few years so Vernon Coaker, the Home Office minister, has disclosed that social networking sites could be forced to retain information about users' web-browsing habits. They could be required to hold data
about every person users correspond with via the sites, although the contents of messages sent would not be collected. Coaker said: Social networking sites, such as MySpace or Bebo, are not covered by the directive. That is one reason why the
Government are looking at what we should do about the intercept modernisation programme because there are certain aspects of communications which are not covered by the directive.
Facebook boasts 17 million Britons as members. Bebo, which
caters mainly for teenagers and young adults, has more than 10 million users. A similar number of music fans are thought to use MySpace.
Isabella Sankey, policy director at Liberty, said: Even before you throw Facebook and other social
networking sites into the mix, the proposed central communications database is a terrifying prospect. It would allow the Government to record every email, text message and phone call and would turn millions of innocent Britons into permanent suspects.
Richard Clayton, a computer security expert at Cambridge University, said: What they are doing is looking at who you communicate with and who your friends are, which is greatly intrusive into your private life.
Facebook's chief privacy officer, said yesterday that it was considering lobbying ministers over the proposal, which he called overkill.
A quarter of all the largest public-sector database projects, including the ID cards register, are fundamentally flawed and clearly breach European data protection and rights laws, according to a report.
Claiming to be the most comprehensive map
so far of Britain's database state , the report says that 11 of the 46 biggest schemes, including the national DNA database and the Contactpoint index of all children in England, should be given a red light and immediately scrapped or
The report, Database State by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust, says that more than half of Whitehall's 46 databases and systems have significant problems with privacy or effectiveness, and could fall foul of a legal challenge.
Only six of the 46 systems, including those for fingerprinting and TV licensing, get a green light for being effective, proportionate, necessary and established - with a legal basis to guarantee against privacy intrusions. But even some of
these databases have operational problems.
A further 29 databases earn an "amber light", meaning they have significant problems including being possibly illegal, and needing to be shrunk or split, or be amended to allow individuals the
right to opt out. This group includes the NHS summary care record, the national childhood obesity database, the national pupil database, and the automatic number-plate recognition system.
The study is by members of the Foundation for Information
Policy Research, including Ross Anderson, a Cambridge University professor. It says Britain is now the most invasive surveillance state and the worst at protecting privacy of any western democracy.
security for children fleeing abusive homes
ContactPoint is meant to keep tabs on England's 11 million children by giving council officers, health care professionals and police a single register of their names, ages and addresses as well as information on their schools, parents and GPs.
But its planned launch has been put on hold once again after local authority staff discovered loopholes in the system designed to hide personal details of the most vulnerable young people – meaning that adopted children or those fleeing abusive homes could be tracked down.
This is the third time that the £224million computer index has been delayed, prompting fresh calls for it to be scrapped.
It comes just a day after a scathing report commissioned by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust named
ContactPoint as one of 11 public sector databases that are "almost certainly illegal" because of privacy and security issues, and because there is no opt-out.
Google has had hundreds of requests for images to be removed since it launched Street View in the UK, including pictures of members of the public leaving sex shops or vomiting in the street. But pictures of young children have caught press attention.
Last night it also emerged that Tony and Cherie Blair are among hundreds of people who have demanded that close-up photographs of their homes be removed. The Blairs' home in Connaught Square, west London, was blacked out on Friday after nearly 24
hours on the web.
Pictures of Downing Street were also taken down, although it is not a private address and the location is photographed by millions of tourists every year.
Disputed images of children were taken last summer and show a
typical scene of garden square life in a quiet side-street. In one picture, the face of a three-year-old child, playing happily in the sunshine, is clearly identifiable.
The images of the garden square were removed by Google within an hour of the
company being informed yesterday. The picture had been found by this newspaper within only 10 minutes, suggesting there could be many similar images on the website.
The Tory MP Edward Garnier said: The right to privacy, and not to become the
victim of some corporation's profit-making activities, is clearly something that needs to be protected. We all have an expectation that our privacy should not be invaded or exploited for commercial purposes.
A spokesman for the Information
Commissioner's Office said: We will consider the IoS story carefully. Images of children must be properly blurred. If there is an underlying problem, for example if what has been uncovered is systemic, then we will take up the matter with Google.
It is Google's responsibility to ensure all images of adults and children are satisfactorily blurred. Individuals who feel that an image does identify them [and are unhappy with this] should contact Google direct to get the image removed.
Individuals who have raised concerns with Google about their image being included – and who do not think they have received a satisfactory response – can complain to the ICO.
A spokeswoman for Google said last night: We will remove
these pictures as quickly as possible.
Surfers on the Internet are at increasing risk from governments and corporations tracking the sites they visit to build up a picture of their activities, the founder of the World Wide Web said.
Tim Berners-Lee, whose proposal for an information
management system at the European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN 20 years ago led eventually to the World Wide Web, said tracking website visits in this way could build an incredibly detailed profile of who people are and their habits.
That form of snooping I think is really important to avoid, he told an anniversary celebration at CERN.
A prospective landlord has won his fight not to install CCTV cameras in his pub after the case was taken up by the information commissioner.
Nick Gibson said police insistence that he set up cameras to film every customer entering and leaving the
premises would threaten drinkers' civil liberties.
The Information Commissioner's Office intervened, writing to the Metropolitan police to warn that the blanket introduction of CCTV in pubs raised serious privacy concerns.
police then dropped their conditions and Gibson was granted a licence for his pub - the Drapers Arms in Islington, north London.
Composer and local resident Michael Nyman, who counts the pub as his local, welcomed the police climbdown: Now we
will be able to avoid police and government snooping as we go about our innocent business of eating, drinking and being .
The Information Commissioner's Office said it would pursue the issue of blanket CCTV in pubs with the police and
government. We recognise that CCTV plays an important role in the prevention and detection of crime, and can help to reduce crime in areas of high population density, such as city boroughs. However we are concerned at the prospect of landlords being
forced into installing CCTV in pubs as a matter of routine in order to meet the terms of a licence.
The ICO is also planning to write to the government to express concern about the policing and crime bill currently going through parliament.
It says the legislation will make it easier for licensing authorities and the secretary of state to insist pubs install CCTV: We are concerned that this new power may be used to mandate the installation of CCTV in licensed premises
where there has been no history of trouble, said the spokeswoman: The use of CCTV must be reasonable and proportionate if we are to maintain public trust and confidence in its deployment.
Installing surveillance in a
particular pub to combat specific problems of rowdiness and bad behaviour may be lawful, but hardwiring in blanket measures across entire areas and including pubs where there has been no history of criminal activity is likely to breach data protection
Police in Islington yesterday confirmed the withdrawal of the request that the Drapers Arms should install CCTV. However, a spokeswoman said the force would continue to call for CCTV to be installed as part of all future
The travel plans and personal details of every traveller who leaves Britain are to be tracked by the Government, the Daily Telegraph can disclose.
Anyone departing the UK by land, sea or air will have their trip recorded and stored on a database
for a decade.
Passengers leaving every international sea port, station or airport will have to supply detailed personal information as well as their travel plans. So-called booze crusiers who cross the Channel for a couple of hours to
stock up on wine, beer and cigarettes will be subject to the rules.
In addition, weekend sailors and sea fishermen will be caught by the system if they plan to travel to another country - or face the possibility of criminal prosecution.
The owners of light aircraft will also be brought under the system, known as e-borders, which will eventually track 250 million journeys annually.
Even swimmers attempting to cross the Channel and their support teams will be subject to the rules which will require the provision of travellers' personal information such as passport and credit card details, home and email addresses and exact
The full extent of the impact of the government's e-borders scheme emerged amid warnings that passengers face increased congestion as air, rail and ferry companies introduce some of the changes over the Easter holidays.
95%of people leaving the country being subject to the plans by the end 2010. Yachtsmen, leisure boaters, trawlermen and private pilots will be given until 2014 to comply with the programme.
They will be expected to use the internet to send their details each time they leave the country and would face a fine of up to £5,000 should they fail to do so. Similar penalties will be enforced on airlines, train and ship operators if
they fail to provide details of every passenger to the UK Border Agency.
In most cases the information will be expected to be provided 24 hours ahead of travel and will then be stored on a Government database for around ten years.
is not the only country to require such information from travel operators. The USA also demands the same information be supplied from passengers wishing to visit America. But the scale of the scheme has alarmed civil liberties campaigners.
Your travel data is much more sensitive than you might think,
Phil Booth of the privacy group, NO2ID said: Given that for obvious reasons we're encouraged not to put our home address on our luggage labels, and especially given the Government's appalling record on looking after our data, it just doesn't seem
sensible for it to pass details like this and sensitive financial information around.
Ferry firms and Eurostar - who, unlike airlines, do not gather such detailed passenger information - have also raised concerns about the impact on
passengers and warned the plans may not even be legal under EU law. The changes would mean that Eurostar, Eurotunnel and ferry companies will now have to demand passport details from passengers at the time of booking, along with the credit card
information and email address which they would have taken at the time of the reservation.
Police in New South Wales may be given authority to search homes and hack into people's computers for as long as three years without their knowledge.
The Australian government has already enacted similar practices, though its Supreme Court ruled
such searches illegal in 2006.
New legislation to expand investigative powers was introduced last week in the Australia Parliament by Minister Nathan Rees. The measures allow police to apply for cover search warrants in order to gather evidence
in what are deemed as serious crimes, according to ZDNet.
The laws allow for the search of computers and computers networks related to the site of a search. Rees said police will be allowed remote access to computers for five days up to a total of
28 days, with possible extended periods beyond that time, depending on an investigation.
Critics are calling the legislation much too broad, but law enforcement insists secrecy will keep criminals in the dark.
Police Minister Tony Kelly
explained each application must go before a Supreme Court judge, who would initially OK secret investigations for as long as six months, but police could apply for delays as long as 18 months and even three years, pending the nature of the case.
Australian Council for Civil Liberties president Terry O'Gorman is among those opposing the law, reports ABC.net:
Clearly, if the police are able to search a person's home without anyone being present, the police will be in the position to plant evidence. That's a big worry. This particular announcement extends police powers hugely without putting in any checks
and balances against those powers being abused.
The laws will apply to offences punishable by at least seven years in jail, including statutes applying to homicide, kidnapping, assault, drugs, firearms, money laundering, hacking, organized
theft and corruption.
Jack Straw has scrapped government proposals that could have allowed patients' medical and DNA records to be shared with police, foreign governments and other bodies.
In a victory for civil liberties campaigners, the justice secretary bowed to
public pressure over the data-sharing provisions in the forthcoming coroners' bill, which would have allowed public bodies to exchange data without the knowledge or consent of individuals involved. Doctors and the Bar Council had joined privacy
campaigners in warning of the potential risks to public trust.
The move will be seen as an olive branch to Labour MPs concerned about what they see as the erosion of civil liberties, and will raise eyebrows at Westminster where Straw is viewed as
a potential future leadership contender.
He will now launch a fresh public consultation on how to implement more limited proposals from a review chaired by the information commissioner, Richard Thomas, which would allow government bodies to share
information where there is clear benefit - for example, to ensure that bereaved families do not have to contact a string of official agencies to tell them someone has died.
Jack Straw, the Justice Secretary, formally dropped proposals yesterday in which personal data, from DNA and medical records to tax and other
information, would be shared across Whitehall departments, police and other public bodies.
The Liberal Democrat justice spokesman, David Howarth, said: "I am relieved that the Government has finally seen sense and scrapped these
extraordinarily broad and dangerously ill-thought-out provisions."
Police are targeting thousands of political campaigners in surveillance operations and storing their details on a database for at least seven years, an investigation by the Guardian can reveal.
Photographs, names and video footage of people
attending protests are routinely obtained by surveillance units and stored on an intelligence system. The Metropolitan police, which has pioneered surveillance at demonstrations and advises other forces on the tactic, stores details of
protesters on Crimint, the general database used daily by all police staff to catalogue criminal intelligence. It lists campaigners by name, allowing police to search which demonstrations or political meetings individuals have attended.
surveillance teams are also targeting journalists who cover demonstrations, and are believed to have, monitored members of the press during at least eight protests over the last year.
Lawyers said they expect the Guardian's investigation to form
the basis of a legal challenge against the use of police surveillance tactics.
Liberty, the human rights group, is challenging the police surveillance tactics in a judicial review at the court of appeal. But police appear not to have disclosed to
the court that they were transferring private details of campaigners to a database.
Corinna Ferguson, Liberty's legal officer, said: A searchable database containing photographs of people who are not even suspected of criminal activity may
well violate privacy rights under article 8 of the Human Rights Act. It is particularly worrying if peaceful protesters are being singled out for surveillance.
More than 40 major British companies face legal action for allegedly buying secret personal data about thousands of workers they wanted to vet before employing them.
The information commissioner, Richard Thomas, will today publish a list of the
companies he believes may have broken data protection laws, after an investigation by his office that was sparked by fears that many workers were being unfairly blacklisted.
The commissioner alleges that the firms, including Balfour
Beatty, Sir Robert McAlpine, Laing O'Rourke and Costain, have, for many years, covertly bought details of workers' trade union activities and their conduct at work.
Thomas believes that workers have been unfairly denied employment because they
have had no chance of challenging any inaccurate information, some of which has been stored for decades.
The commissioner has already taken action rapidly to close down a private investigator who is accused of clandestinely compiling an extensive intelligence database
of 3,000 workers with details that stretch back to the 1980s.
The commissioner is to prosecute the private detective, Ian Kerr, who is accused of selling the information to companies in the construction industry when they wanted to vet
potential staff. Thomas said he had seized documents which, he says, show that files on individuals included comments such as communist party , ex-shop steward, definite problems, no go, do not touch , orchestrated strike action
and lazy and a trouble-stirrer.
David Smith, the deputy information commissioner, said: This is a serious breach of the Data Protection Act. Not only was personal information held on individuals without their knowledge or consent,
but the very existence of the database was repeatedly denied.
Lovely little filly. A sure thing at 3/1. You can put you mortgage on it!
The Irish Times says that banks are starting their own form of censorship on Irish online gamblers by rejecting their mortgage applications.
Irish banks are apparently not happy about approving mortages for online gamblers, no matter whether
you enjoy an occasional flutter on the horses or play bingo online at the weekends; if it shows on your bank statement you might find yourself on the reject pile when it comes to buying a new home.
A spokesman for the Independent Mortgages
Advisers Federation (IMAF), Michael Dowling, told the Irish Times that banks looked at online betting in a very negative light. He said that signs of online gambling on a bank statement don't mean an automatic disqualification, however it is one of the
criteria applied when reviewing mortgage applications.
The banks will never admit it, but it is... being discussed, said Dowling. Banks are paying a lot more attention to bank statements now... and if they see even 150 Euro going into
an online gambling account each month they frown on it.
Doctors have condemned a Big Brother scheme to give the public sector and private companies much wider access to personal medical records.
Eight organisations, including the British Medical Association and the medical royal colleges, have
protested against it. They have written a letter to oppose a proposed law that would make it easier for the Government to share data.
They are demanding that medical records be exempt from provisions in Jack Straw's Coroners and Justice Bill. The
signatories have asked for a meeting with the Justice Secretary and expressed grave concerns about a clause of the Bill.
This clause appears to grant the Government unprecedented powers to access confidential medical records - and even
share them with third parties. Ministers would simply be able to sign an order, allowing their department to share data.
The BMA argues much of the at-risk data could be used by medical researchers, potentially in the pay of drugs companies. In
their letter, the protesting bodies said that the new powers would undermine the presumption of confidentiality, corrode trust in the doctor-patient relationship and could have a disastrous impact on both the health of individuals and the public.
It went on to state that the Bill could result in patients withholding information or even avoiding the healthcare system altogether.
Suspicious phone conversations on Skype could be targeted for tapping as part of a pan-European battle against what law authorities believe is a massive technical loophole in current wiretapping laws, allowing criminals to communicate without fear of
being overheard by the police.
The US National Security Agency (NSA) is understood to believe that suspected terrorists use Skype to circumvent detection.
While the police can get a court order to tap a suspect's land line and mobile
phone, it is currently impossible to get a similar order for Internet calls on both sides of the Atlantic.
Eurojust, a European Union agency responsible for coordinating judicial investigations across different jurisdictions announced Friday the
opening of an investigation involving all 27 countries of the European Union. The purpose of Eurojust's coordination role is to overcome the technical and judicial obstacles to the interception of Internet telephony systems, Eurojust said.
The investigation is being headed by Eurojust's Italian representative, Carmen Manfredda. Police officers in Milan say organized crime, arms and drugs traffickers, and prostitution rings are turning to Skype and other systems of VOIP (voice over Internet
Protocol) telephony in order to frustrate investigators.
While telecommunications companies are obliged to comply with court orders to monitor calls on land lines and mobile phones, Skype' refuses to cooperate with the authorities,
In addition to the issue of cooperation, there are technical obstacles to tapping Skype calls. The way calls are set up and carried between computers is proprietary, and the encryption system used is strong. It could be possible to monitor the call on
the originating or receiving computer using a specially written program, or perhaps to divert the traffic through a proxy server, but these are all far more difficult than tapping a normal phone. Calls between a PC and a regular telephone via the SkypeIn
or SkypeOut service, however, could fall under existing wiretapping regulations and capabilities at the point where they meet the public telephone network.
The NSAis so concerned by Skype that it is offering hackers large sums of money to break
its encryption, according to unsourced reports in the U.S.
Update: Maintaining the Doubt
Surely the public will never be told the truth on this issue. If the
authorities can eavesdrop on Skype, they would prefer that people believed it was secure. If they can't eavesdrop then they would prefer that people believed it was insecure. Perhaps the circulation of the story of a secure Skype therefore suggests the
Eurojust - the EU body for judicial cooperation - is not investigating ways to intercept Skype calls, contrary to reports earlier this week. In a statement Eurojust said it held a meeting with Italian authorities in 2006 about a separate case.
The participants were informed of the technical and legal issues of the subject. Representatives from the company Skype S.A. were invited and present at this meeting. There was a positive message from the Skype
representatives during the meeting, showing their commitment to cooperate with the law enforcement authorities in the fight against serious, cross-border organised crime.
So does that mean they're not investigating how to
listen to Skype calls because they can already listen to Skype calls?
The police and MI5 have been given access to a network of infrared cameras that can track millions of car journeys across Britain.
The 1,090 cameras read numberplates of cars on all motorways and major trunk roads, recording the time, date and
location of the vehicle and storing the data for five years.
The Highways Agency installed the bright green cameras supposedly to calculate journey times. But last week a senior agency official confirmed they are being linked to a police
Thousands of CCTV cameras across the country have also been converted to read numberplates – as have mobile cameras. Police helicopters can spot plates from the air and officers have live access to London's Congestion Charge cameras.
The database is central to an operation orchestrated by the Association of Chief Police Officers and backed by £32million of Government cash.
But privacy campaigners attacked the move. Simon Davies, of Privacy International, said: This is the latest layer in a plan to monitor people from the second they leave their front door to the moment they return. It is being constructed in secret.'
Writers, pop stars, lawyers and politicians from across the party spectrum yesterday issued a call to arms. They joined the largest ever campaign across Britain to warn of the erosion of freedoms and the emergence of surveillance techniques
The government and the courts are collaborating in slicing away freedoms and pushing Britain to the brink of becoming a
database police state, a series of sold-out conferences in eight British cities heard.
In a day of speeches and discussions, academics, politicians, lawyers, writers, journalists and pop stars joined civil liberty campaigners yesterday to
issue a call to arms for Britons to defend their democratic rights.
More than 1,500 people, paying £35 a ticket, attended the Convention on Modern Liberty in Bloomsbury, central London, which was linked by video to parallel events in
Glasgow, Birmingham, Belfast, Bristol, Manchester, Cardiff and Cambridge. They heard from more than 80 speakers, including author Philip Pullman; musicians Brian Eno and Feargal Sharkey; journalists Fatima Bhutto, Andrew Gilligan, Nick Cohen and Guardian
editor-in-chief Alan Rusbridger; politicians Lord Bingham and Dominic Grieve; a former director of public prosecutions, Ken Macdonald; and human rights lawyer Helena Kennedy.
High on the concerns of the convention were the recent allegations
against the British security services by Guantanamo Bay torture victim Binyam Mohamed, plans for ID cards, DNA collection databases and controversial surveillance powers being used by civil servants. In addition, concerns were high over Government plans
to create a database of all the communications and movements of ordinary people as well as the proliferation of anti-terrorism laws including detention of suspects.
The Conservative MP David Davis, who resigned from the shadow cabinet in order to
fight a byelection on a civil liberties platform, gave the final keynote speech of the day. He told the Observer that he believed the danger of a police state was a very real one and that justice secretary Jack Straw was leading a piecemeal and casual
erosion of freedom in this country: but the mood is changing. Last year 80 per cent of people were in favour of ID cards, now 80 per cent are against. There's a point of reflection that we are reaching, the communications database which is planned
to collect every private text and phone call and petrol station receipt will create uproar.
The Observer and Vanity Fair writer Henry Porter, who co-organised the conference, said he felt tremendously moved by the support shown by everyone
who had attended the event or agreed to speak. I had been feeling like the lone lunatic wandering around Oxford Street with a placard and it's tremendously moving for me to see how many people share my concerns. The number of tickets, I'm told, could
have been sold two or three times over. That has to show people really are thinking about these frightening issues quite seriously.
Philip Pullman, the best-selling children's author attacked the government for eroding civil liberties under the pretext of national security.
The author of the His Dark Materials trilogy accused ministers of creating a surveilliance
society based on institutional paranoia and furtive hatred.
The author also criticised the government for failing to disclose minutes of crucial cabinent meetings in the run up to the war in Iraq in 2003. Last week Jack Straw, the justice
secretary, vetoed a ruling by the Information Tribunal which had called for the minutes to be made public.
Whatever persuaded a minister of the Crown that it was honourable to conceal the truth about how this nation's cabinet decided to lead
us to war? said Pullman.
If there was one man who kept us going through the eight months of preparation and planning, it was not Cameron or Clegg, but justice secretary Jack Straw, now carving out a historic role for himself as one of the enemies of democracy and civil liberties
in the United Kingdom. Any doubts we had along the way were overwhelmed by his Coroners and Justice Bill, which contains measures that introduce secret inquests and would lift the ban on data sharing between ministries in the Data Protection Act.
In an article for the Guardian last Friday, Straw attacked the convention. Despite the claims of a systematic erosion of liberty by those organising this weekend's Convention on Modern Liberty, my very good constituency office files show no recent
correspondence relating to fears about the creation in Britain of a 'police state' or a 'surveillance society'. Failing to address Dame Stella Rimington's fears, he went on to claim that Labour had done more than any government to extend liberties
and constrain government.
And this from a man who stood up in parliament last week to veto the publication of cabinet minutes on the decisions to go to war - no doubt to protect himself - and who has tabled amendments to the Policing and
Crime Bill that would give ministers the power to retain data - DNA, CCTV footage etc - for as long as they like, which , among other things, goes against the recent European Court of Human Rights' judgment about the retention of innocent people's DNA.
He is, quite simply, without shame, a disgrace to his office and parliament.
There has always been a problem for civil libertarians. The sacrifices of freedoms made by successive governments often seem small, particularly when they are pushed through at times of panic about terrorism. Each time, the government argues that you
only need to give up a modest amount of freedom or rights to win greater security. And what could be more free than life itself? Yet the cumulative effects of this salami-slicing have now become deeply corrosive to the free spirit of a civil society.
Like some sci-fi horror movie, we are slowly becoming the authoritarian threat that we are fighting.
The Liberal Democrats are determined to resist the slow death by a thousand cuts of our hard-won British liberties. George Orwell's Nineteen
Eighty-Four was a warning, not a blueprint. Yet the Big Brother society that he satirised is growing before our eyes. Our forebears who fought so hard for the rights we have had stripped away would be shocked at what we've lost.
That is why we
have published our freedom bill, detailing how we intend to roll back the draconian laws passed by successive Labour and Conservative administrations. This draft bill is the first time a major political party has brought all of the laws which have
undermined civil liberties together in one piece of legislation so that they can be easily repealed. We have called it the freedom bill because if the measures within it were all repealed, it would represent the greatest victory for freedom in Britain in
the last 20 years.
This is not intended to be an exhaustive list of all the freedoms that have been lost in recent years. Sadly, there are too many. It is intended to be a starting point – to show people how much personal liberty has been
stripped away by this government and the one before it. The freedom bill and the corresponding website is a consultative document designed to start a real dialogue, and give impetus to a movement that will lead to legislation soon after the next general
Our first draft of the freedom bill contains 20 measures to restore the fundamental rights that have been stripped away in recent years. We would:
Scrap ID cards for everyone, including foreign nationals.
Ensure that there are no restrictions in the right to trial by jury for serious offences including fraud.
Restore the right to protest in Parliament Square, at the heart of
Abolish the flawed control orders regime.
Renegotiate the unfair extradition treaty with the United States.
Restore the right to public assembly for more than two people.
Scrap the ContactPoint database
of all children in Britain.
Strengthen freedom of information by giving greater powers to the information commissioner and reducing exemptions.
Stop criminalising trespass.
Restore the public interest defence for
Prevent allegations of "bad character" from being used in court.
Restore the right to silence when accused in court.
Prevent bailiffs from using force.
Restrict the use of surveillance powers
to the investigation of serious crimes and stop councils snooping.
Restore the principle of double jeopardy in UK law.
Remove innocent people from the DNA database.
Reduce the maximum period of pre-charge detention to 14 days.
Scrap the ministerial veto that allowed the government to block the release of cabinet minutes relating to the Iraq war.
Require explicit parental consent for biometric information to be taken from children.
following a Royal Commission on cameras.
A proposed federal law would require all ISPs and operators of millions of Wi-Fi access points — including hotels, local coffee shops, and home users — to keep records about users for two years to aid police investigations.
The Internet Stopping
Adults Facilitating the Exploitation of Today's Youth Act of 2009, or ISAFETY Act, was introduced by Representative Lamar Smith and Senator John Cornyn as H.R. 1076 and S. 436.
While the Internet has generated many positive changes in the way
we communicate and do business, its limitless nature offers anonymity that has opened the door to criminals looking to harm innocent children, Cornyn said at a press conference: Keeping our children safe requires cooperation on the local, state,
federal and family level.
Both bills contains the same language, requiring that A provider of an electronic communication service or remote computing service shall retain for a period of at least two years all records or other information
pertaining to the identity of a user of a temporarily assigned network address the service assigns to that user.
The act applies not just large ISPs but also to homes and businesses with Wi-Fi access points or wired routers that use the
standard method of dynamically assigning temporary addresses known as Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, or DHCP.)
Under the Internet Safety Act, all of those would have to keep logs for at least two years. It covers every employer that uses
DHCP for its network, said Albert Gidari, a partner at the Perkins Coie law firm in Seattle who specializes in electronic privacy law. It covers Aircell on airplanes — those little pico cells will have to store a lot of data for those in-the-air
The British Computing Society has joined the chorus of criticism of the way the government has hidden major changes to data protection law in unrelated legislation - the Coroners and Justice Bill.
The BCS said the bill runs counter to the
intentions and provisions of the Data Protection Act (DPA) and severely curtails the independence of the Information Commissioner.
The organisation also said the law would be unlikely to pass muster under the Human Rights Act, could
increase citizens' distrust of government and could have disastrous consequences in the hands of a less benevolent government. [Surely there can't be many less benevolent then the monstrosity known as NuLabour]
The Coroners and Justice Bill will allow more data sharing between government departments without any oversight from Parliament. In fact the bill will allow ministers to remove any legal barrier that might exist to data sharing.
Ryder, BCS deputy CEO, said all the responses received from members agreed on one thing: These proposals are far too ill-defined and general for their stated purpose, and are as a result potentially dangerous, and will do more harm than good.
Ryder added that the laws, used wrongly, would permit the restriction - and ultimately the destruction - of the right to personal and corporate data privacy.
Dame Stella Rimington, the former head of MI5, has warned that the fear of terrorism is being exploited by the Government to erode civil liberties and risks creating a police state.
Dame Stella accused ministers of interfering with people's
privacy and playing straight into the hands of terrorists.
Since I have retired I feel more at liberty to be against certain decisions of the Government, especially the attempt to pass laws which interfere with people's privacy, Dame Stella
said in an interview with a Spanish newspaper.
It would be better that the Government recognised that there are risks, rather than frightening people in order to be able to pass laws which restrict civil liberties, precisely one of the objects
of terrorism: that we live in fear and under a police state, she said: The US has gone too far with Guantánamo and the tortures. MI5 does not do that. Furthermore it has achieved the opposite effect: there are more and more suicide
terrorists finding a greater justification.
Dame Stella became the first woman director general of MI5 in 1992 and was head of the security agency until 1996. Since stepping down she has been a fierce critic of some of the Government's
counter-terrorism and security measures, especially those affecting civil liberties.
In a further blow to ministers, an international study by lawyers and judges accused countries such as Britain and America of actively undermining the law
through the measures they have introduced to counter terrorism.
The report, by the International Commission of Jurists, said: The failure of states to comply with their legal duties is creating a dangerous situation wherein terrorism, and the
fear of terrorism, are undermining basic principles of international human rights law.
The report claimed many measures introduced were illegal and counter-productive and that legal systems put in place after the Second World War were well
equipped to handle current threats. Arthur Chaskelson, the chairman of the report panel, said: In the course of this inquiry, we have been shocked by the damage done over the past seven years by excessive or abusive counter-terrorism measures in a
wide range of countries around the world.
Many governments, ignoring the lessons of history, have allowed themselves to be rushed into hasty responses to terrorism that have undermined cherished values and violated human rights.
Jacqui Smith employs her very own General Customs Officers
Almost nobody has noticed that the Home Office is to be enabled to appoint a new class of officials, with powers greater than the police, who are directly under political control. Can that be right? After all, didn't Jack Straw say in relation to the
Damian Green affair:
We are not in a police state. A police state would be where ministers were directing a police operation.
Part I of the new bill sets out how the home secretary may
appoint an immigration officer or any other Home Office official as a general customs officer , without revenue collection functions, but with all the powers of one of Her Majesty's customs officers, and (clause 5):
A general customs official must comply with the directions of the Secretary of State in the exercise of functions in relation to a general customs matter.
Customs officers have enormous powers. They can
arrest people, search and seize property on suspicion, and recently acquired the capacity to take fingerprints and DNA. They can (like police) seize cash under the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002, and demand the owner prove it was acquired lawfully. They have
surveillance powers from the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000, and data-acquisition and sharing powers under the Identity Cards Act 2006, UK Borders Act 2007, and Serious Crime Act 2007. They have resort to writs of assistance , an
ancient form of arbitrary search specifically outlawed in the US constitution. And under the Finance Act 2008, schedule 36, there are new information gathering powers, yet to be activated, which arguably broaden and build upon even that.
super-powered, semi-secret police, calculated partake of the renowned charm of the immigration service. There's no provision for general customs officials to be identified or even distinguished from other Home Office officials, nor do they appear to have
any specific duties associated with their powers, except to obey the secretary of state.
We're not living in a police state. But by Jack Straw's definition, we might soon be living in a general customs official state.
The Guardian carried a letter from Nick Gibson who told how he had taken over a pub in Islington, London, and had to apply for a new licence, which required the approval of a number of organisations, including the police.
I was stunned,"
he wrote, "to find that the police were prepared to approve – ie not fight – our licence on condition that we installed CCTV capturing the head and shoulders of everyone coming into the pub, to be made available to them on request.
How can an organisation that is not subject to public scrutiny set up a sinister unit to monitor political and environmental groups?
A secret police intelligence unit has been set up to spy on leftwing and rightwing political groups, said
the story in the Mail on Sunday. Who has decided that political and environmental groups consisting of individuals, who are guaranteed the rights of demonstration, association, free speech and privacy under the Human Rights Act, should be spied upon by
this new sinister police unit?
The answer is the Association of Chief Police Officers – and that is the problem.
ACPO is a private company, which happens to be funded by a Home Office grant and money from 44 police authorities. But
despite its important role in drafting and implementing policies that affect the fundamental freedoms of this country, ACPO is protected from freedom of information requests and its proceedings remain largely hidden from public view. In reality ACPO is
no more troubled by public scrutiny than the freemasons.
That is wrong. Senior police officers are acting with increasing autonomy in drafting these authoritarian new policies. If you wonder how it came to be that police officers are being
equipped with 10,000 stun guns, despite the reports of hundreds of deaths in the United States, or how the automatic number plate recognition camera network was set up to record and store data from most road journeys, look no further than ACPO.
UK Police have used anti-terrorism powers to stop and search almost 180,000 suspects, it has emerged.
Yet only 255 of the individuals they targeted were subsequently detained for terrorist- related offences.
The figures suggest that
police may be misusing powers granted to them under section 44 of the Terrorism Act 2000 supposedly for use only in extreme circumstances.
The Home Office statistics, which were released to the Daily Mail under Freedom of Information laws, show a
ten-fold use in the power since its introduction.
In 2000-01, just 3,583 people were stopped under Section 44. Of these, only one was arrested for terrorism offences.
But in 2006-07, a staggering 37,197 were stopped and searched by
officers. Only 28 were subsequently arrested for terrorist-related offences.
Each search can take up to 20 minutes and individuals are asked a series of personal questions by police - including their ethnicity, height and eye colour.
Chris Grayling, Tory Shadow Home Secretary, said:
My concern is that the Government has taken powers to combat terrorism, but those powers are increasingly being used for other purposes.
Chris Huhne, Liberal Democrat home affairs spokesman, said: These startling figures suggest the
main effect of random stop and search, as opposed to searches targeted at suspects by intelligence, is to annoy law-abiding citizens. Rarely have so many police officers wasted so much police time to achieve so little.
A spokesman for Liberty
said: Liberty's concern is that these powers are used far too widely and inappropriately. Police should be mindful of the extent to which use of these powers upsets and intimidates innocent people.
Mexico will start a national register of mobile phone users that will include fingerprinting all customers.
Under a new law due to be in force in April, mobile phone companies will have a year to build up a database of their clients, complete
with fingerprints. The idea would be to match calls and messages to the phones' owners.
Politicians who pushed the bill through Congress last year say there are around 700 criminal bands in Mexico, some of them operating from prison cells, that
use cell phones to extract extortion and kidnap ransom payments.
Most of Mexico's 80 million mobile phones are prepaid handsets with a given number of minutes of use that can be bought in stores without any identification. The phones can be
topped up with more minutes via vendors on street corners.
The register, detailed in the government's official gazette, means new subscribers will now be fingerprinted when they buy a handset or phone contract.
The plan also requires
operators to store all cell phone information such as call logs, text and voice messages, for one year. Information on users and calls will remain private and only available with court approval to track down criminals.
A secret police intelligence unit has been set up to spy on Left-wing and Right-wing political groups.
The Confidential Intelligence Unit (CIU) has the power to operate across the UK and will mount surveillance and run informers on domestic
Its job is to build up a detailed picture of radical campaigners. Targets will include environmental groups involved in direct action such as Plane Stupid, whose supporters invaded the runway at Stansted Airport in December.
The unit also aims to identify the ring-leaders behind violent demonstrations such as the recent anti-Israel protests in London, and to infiltrate neo-Nazi groups, animal liberation groups and organisations behind unlawful industrial action such as
The CIU's role will be similar to the counter subversion functions formerly carried out by MI5. The so-called reds under the bed operations focused on trade unionists and peace campaigners but were abandoned by MI5 to
concentrate on Islamic terrorism.
The unit is being set up by the Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) and will be based at Scotland Yard in Central London. An internal police job advertisement for the Head of Confidential Intelligence
Unit, obtained by The Mail on Sunday, reveals key details of its wide-ranging powers.
The advert says the unit will work closely with Government departments, university authorities and private sector companies to remove the threat of
criminality and public disorder that arises from domestic extremism. The CIU will also use legal proceedings to prevent details of its operations being made public.
I hope you enjoyed your holiday in Pattaya. Your teaching licence has now been revoked on grounds of immorality
The government is building a database to track and hold the international travel records of all 60m Britons.
The intelligence centre will store names, addresses, telephone numbers, seat reservations, travel itineraries and credit card details
for all 250m passenger movements in and out of the UK each year.
The computerised pattern of every individual's travel history will be stored for up to 10 years, the Home Office admits.
The government claims the new database, to be housed
in an industrial estate in Wythenshawe, near Manchester, is essential in the fight against crime, illegal immigration and terrorism. However, opposition MPs, privacy campaigners and some government officials fear it is a significant step towards a total
Chris Grayling, shadow home secretary, said: The government seems to be building databases to track more and more of our lives. The justification is always about security or personal protection. But the truth is that we
have a government that just can't be trusted over these highly sensitive issues. We must not allow ourselves to become a Big Brother society.
Some immigration officials with knowledge of the plans admit there is likely to be public concern.
A lot of this stuff will have a legitimate use in the fight against crime and terrorism, but it's what else it could be used for that presents a problem, said one: It will be able to detect whether parents are taking their children abroad
during school holidays. It could be useful to the tax authorities because it will tell them how long non-UK domiciled people are spending in the UK.
The Wythenshawe spy centre will house more than 300 police and immigration officers. A
similar number of technicians will help check travellers' details against police, MI5, benefit agency and other government “watch lists”.
The database is the unpublicised part of the government's so-called e-borders programme, intended to
count everyone who comes in and out of the country by 2014. At the moment the UK Border Agency is running a pilot which monitors the travel movements of passengers on high-risk routes from airports, including Heathrow and Gatwick.
the scheme, once a person buys a ticket to travel to or from the UK by air, sea or rail, the carrier will deliver that person's data to the agency. The data is then checked against various watchlists to identify those involved in abuse of UK immigration
laws, serious and organised crime, and terrorism.
This has to be one of the dumbest things I've heard in a long time. The UK has spent £4.4 billion ($6.6bn US) on a controversial high-tech National Identity Card scheme for the whole country. But they forgot one thing. No police or border station,
to say nothing of licensing and job centers, has a machine capable of reading the damn things.
Incredibly, they neglected to include in the budget the absolutely necessary counterpart to the card: the card reader. Like an inexperienced shopper
who buys a digital camera but not a computer to view the pictures on, they are now in possession of a far-reaching and complete ID tracking solution that they can in no way use. What a boondoggle!
The official word is that the reader rollout may
cost taxpayer money (brilliant, Sherlock) and is not really being pursued that actively. While it would make sense to get a few IDs out there first and then follow up with the readers after six months, perhaps, that was not at all included in the budget
and in fact the readers' manufacturers haven't been convinced it's worth their while to make the things.
The vast growth of surveillance and data collection risks undermining freedoms vital to the British way of life, a group of eminent peers has warned.
In a devastating critique of the spiralling use of CCTV, databases and information sharing, they
warn that the growth of information collected about every man, woman and child in Britain is a serious threat to principles at the heart of the constitution.
The Lords Constitution Committee, which includes the former law lord, Lord Woolf,
and the former attorney generals, Lord Lyell and Lord Morris of Aberavon, call in a report for new safeguards to prevent government and private databases damaging historic rights to privacy and civil liberties.
Committee chairman Lord Goodlad, a
former Conservative minister, warns: The UK now has more CCTV cameras and a bigger national DNA database than any other country. There can be no justification for this gradual but incessant creep towards a situation where every detail about us is
recorded and pored over by the state.
The peers warn that the collection and processing of personal information has become pervasive, routine, and almost taken for granted.
The report is being published as ministers prepare
proposals to gain unprecedented access to details of every email, internet connection and telephone call made in Britain. Proposals to allow ministers to sanction the sharing of confidential personal data across Whitehall and beyond are also being
debated by MPs.
The report calls for a dramatic slimming of the national DNA database, arguing samples should not be kept if people are not charged or convicted, and insisting the law should be changed to ensure DNA samples given by volunteers
The peers call for senior judges to oversee surveillance. They say ministers should review the powers of local councils to authorise surveillance and say compensation should be paid if people are monitored unlawfully by police or the
security services. They also demand that a powerful committee of MPs and peers be established to oversee the data powers of the state.
Dominic Grieve, the shadow Justice Secretary, said: This is a damning indictment of the reckless approach of
this Government to privacy. Ministers have sanctioned a massive increase in surveillance over the last decade, at great cost to the taxpayer, without properly assessing its effectiveness or protecting the privacy of innocent people.
Howarth, the Liberal Democrat justice spokesman, said: This highlights how the Government has ridden roughshod over our freedoms in establishing its surveillance state. Ministers would do well to remember the British state belongs to the British
people, not the other way around.
Shami Chakrabarti, director of pressure group Liberty, said: Our postbag suggests the House of Lords is more in touch with public concerns than our elected Government.
The Czech Republic's image as a bastion of Bohemian liberalism has come under threat after a leading human rights watchdog condemned the country for surgically castrating sex offenders.
In a detailed report, the Council of Europe's anti-torture
committee branded the practice a degrading treatment , and called for it to halt immediately: Surgical castration is a mutilating, irreversible intervention and cannot be considered as a medical necessity in the context of the treatment of sex
offenders. The intervention removes a person's ability to procreate and has serious physical and mental consequences.
The number of men castrated remains vague, the Czech health ministry says that in the last 10 years 94 men have consented to
The country also uses chemical castration but reserves surgery, in which parts of the testicles are removed, for serious cases of sexual violence.
The Council of Europe report attacked the Czech government's claim that
sex offenders opted for castration of their own free will. Faced with a long prison sentence, the offender agrees to castration, the report says, believing it is the only available option to avoid indefinite confinement.
The committee also
noted that in at least five cases a court- appointed guardian had signed consent forms for castration, and that on two occasions the guardians had been local mayors. Also a considerable number of the surgically castrated offenders suffered from
significant mental retardation.
The report comes at a time when several countries, including Britain, are considering introducing chemical castration.
The US National Security Agency (NSA) is developing a tool that George Orwell's Thought Police might have found useful: an artificial intelligence system designed to gain insight into what people are thinking.
With the entire Internet and
thousands of databases for a brain, the device will be able to respond almost instantaneously to complex questions posed by intelligence analysts. As more and more data is collected—through phone calls, credit card receipts, social networks like Facebook
and MySpace, GPS tracks, cell phone geolocation, Internet searches, Amazon book purchases, even E-Z Pass toll records—it may one day be possible to know not just where people are and what they are doing, but what and how they think.
The system is
so potentially intrusive that at least one researcher has quit, citing concerns over the dangers in placing such a powerful weapon in the hands of a top-secret agency with little accountability.
It is known as Aquaint, which stands for Advanced
QUestion Answering for INTelligence.
Google has launched a tracking service that lets parents keep an eye on their children and wives keep tabs on their husbands.
The software allows owners of mobile phones or BlackBerry hand-held computers to have their whereabouts followed by
family and friends anywhere around the world.
The Google Latitude feature is being promoted by Google as a 'fun' way to keep tabs on someone special. However, it will raise concerns about privacy - and whether it is encouraging a Big
The software is included in the latest version of Google maps for mobiles - software that allows mobile phone owners to browse maps on the go.
Google insisted there was no threat to privacy. It was up to each user to
decide whether to make their location visible to other people - and who could monitor their location. The service was designed to help people keep in touch, a spokesman added.
Once switched on, it plots the user's location by using information
from mobile phone towers and global positional systems. Google Latitude is available free in the UK, US, including New York, above, and 24 other countries but only works with certain phones and networks
If a phone is equipped with GPS, then it
pinpoints the location to within a few yards. If it isn't, the location is only accurate to hundreds of yards - or in rural areas with few mobile phone masts, several miles. It requires each user to turn on the tracking system, and then choose who they
want to share their location with.
Google is promising not to store any information about its users' movements.
However, privacy watchdog Privacy International argues that there are opportunities for abuse of the system for those who may
not know that their phone is broadcasting its location.
Privacy International director Simon Davies gives the example of employers who might give phones to employees with Latitude enabled.
When the police conduct a stop and search they have to fill out a form giving their reasons and hand a copy over to you. On mine they wrote that Mr Thomas appeared to be an "influential individual" – a quote I intend to use in future
publicity – and had attempted to walk past the police with an "over-confident manner" – always a sure sign of criminal intent. Maybe I am wrong, perhaps there is a forensic linkage with having an "over-confident manner" and
criminality, perhaps the police routinely chase suspects through our metropolis shouting, "Stop him, he's got a jaunty demeanour!" But I got the distinct impression the police were stopping me because they thought they could.
protesters are often targeted for stop and search, often claiming these are unlawful, they seldom seem to put in official complaints. So with the help of solicitors at Fisher Meredith I brought a complaint against the police. Being Britain the first step
in a complaint against an official body is for the very body you are complaining about to investigate itself. And lo the police did find themselves innocent.
The Finnish government is pushing ahead with plans to collect all citizens' fingerprints for passports and to give police access to fingerprints for crime detection.
The bill is expected to go before the Finnish parliament this week and is likely
to come into force in spring. Part of the justification is the EU requirement to add biometrics to passports - a requirement from this summer.
Anyone applying for a passport, temporary passport, seaman's pass or alien or refugee travel
document will have their dabs taken and added to the national register. Police will able to access that database for crime detection.
Manchester could be one of the testing grounds for the government's ID cards scheme, Home Secretary Jacqui Smith has said during a visit to the city.
Manchester would be in the running to take part in the next phase of the scheme, she
said, in which young people will be encouraged to apply for cards.
Smith claimed many young people saw the need for ID cards to prove their identity in a safe and secure way.
But civil liberties groups accused her of trying to indoctrinate
Ministers will give details later this year of a number of so-called beacon areas where people aged over 16 will be able to volunteer for cards.
Cards will become mandatory for workers at Manchester and London City
airport later this autumn as the government presses ahead with the rollout of the scheme to workers in sensitive jobs and locations.
The government has said it has begun training local authority officials to run the new ContactPoint database, which will contain personal information all 11m children in England and Wales, after months of delays and political controversy.
300 council workers will learn how to administer the database, and will be responsible for the quality of the information it contains, officials said. From spring, people who work with children in 19 early adopter organisations will be trained as
the first ContactPoint users. ContactPoint should be fully available nationwide early next year.
The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats have called for the system to be scrapped, claiming it will be insecure and vulnerable to government data
loss. The Tories want ContactPoint to be replaced with a database that only includes information about children identified as vulnerable.
The database is loaded with data from existing government systems and will record the name, age, gender and
address of every under-18, along with their guardian's contact details. This will then be associated with the contact details of their GP, school, health visitor and school nurse. No case or subjective information will be held on any child,
officials said. [but of course it readily connects users to someone that does keep subjective information].
The DCSF estimates that 390,000 people will have access to ContactPoint. They will be required to
undergo criminal record and identity checks, and be verified on the system by username, password, token and PIN.
The plan to shield some records on ContactPoint so that only very basic information is displayed about a child to users has
proven controversial. To contact other users about a shielded child, ContactPoint users will need to make a case to the local authority to put them in touch. Officials estimated that hundreds of children will be shielded by each local authority in
an ongoing process due to start as soon as administrators are trained. Supposedly shielding would protect families fleeing domestic violence or in witness protection and was not designed to guard the privacy of politicians and celebrities.
Concerns have also been raised about police access to ContactPoint and the potential for profiling young people as potential criminals.
Update: Inadequate data security for children fleeing abusive homes
ContactPoint is meant to keep tabs on England's 11 million children by giving council officers, health care professionals and police a single register of
their names, ages and addresses as well as information on their schools, parents and GPs.
But its planned launch has been put on hold once again after local authority staff discovered loopholes in the system designed to hide personal details of
the most vulnerable young people – meaning that adopted children or those fleeing abusive homes could be tracked down.
This is the third time that the ฃ224million computer index has been delayed, prompting fresh calls for it to be
It comes just a day after a scathing report commissioned by the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust named ContactPoint as one of 11 public sector databases that are "almost certainly illegal" because of privacy and security issues,
and because there is no opt-out.
The American Civil Liberties Union have created a website showing that government-financed surveillance cameras are running rampant across the United States.
All the while, studies suggest they do nothing to cut down on violent crime. San
Francisco, for example, has spent $700,000 for dozens of public cameras, but a University of California study just concluded there was no evidence they curtailed violent crime.
The ACLU's website,
You Are Being Watched shows a map of the 50 U.S. states with links to news accounts about where surveillance cameras are in each state. The federal government has given
state and local governments $300 million in grants to fund an ever-growing array of cameras.
Barry Steinhardt, director of the ACLU's Technology and Liberty Program, said in a telephone interview that, while the cameras have helped nab suspects,
he believes they provide a false sense of security: It's the illusion of security ... public authorities like to give the impression they are doing something about crime and terrorism .
People a year who travel by air or sea between Britain and the Irish Republic will face formal passport checks for the first time in more than 80 years, under new immigration legislation.
But no compulsory passport checks are to be imposed on the
land border between the republic and Northern Ireland, although ad hoc intelligence-led immigration checks will be carried out by mobile teams of Border Agency staff.
Ministers say the proposal in the citizenship and immigration bill will
plug a critical gap in Britain's border security as they introduce the multibillion pound electronic border over the next five years. The programme will enable travellers to be checked against watch lists before they get on the plane or
At the same time as the legislation was published in London yesterday, the Irish government announced that it will introduce its own new border control system from next year. The Irish justice minister, Dermot Ahern, said the Irish border
information system would also screen for illegal migrants by checking travel data collected by airlines and ferry companies before departure and checking it against watch lists.
A British proposal to introduce passport checks for those who fly
from Belfast to the rest of the UK was dropped after strong opposition from Conservatives and Ulster Unionists.
The imposition of border controls will however also apply to those who travel between Britain and the Isle of Man, Jersey and Guernsey.
Sweeping new powers allowing personal information about every citizen to be handed over to government agencies faced condemnationamid warnings that Britain is experiencing the greatest threats to civil rights for decades.
Shami Chakrabarti, the
director of the pressure group Liberty, warned that the laws were among a string of measures that amounted to a terrifying assault on traditional freedoms.
Proposals in the Coroners and Justice Bill include measures to authorise ministers
to move huge amounts of data between government departments and other agencies and public bodies. Bodies that hold personal information include local councils, the DVLA, benefits offices and HM Revenue and Customs.
The Bill will allow ministers
to use data-sharing orders to overturn strict rules that require information to be used only for the purpose it was taken. But it places no limit on the information that could eventually be shared between public bodies, potentially allowing vast amounts
of personal data to be shared by officials across Whitehall, agencies or other public bodies.
Safeguards in the Bill will ensure that the proposed orders are considered by the Information Commissioner and require them to be formally approved by
Ms Chakrabarti warned the measure was one of a string of threats to civil liberties that range from attacks on the Human Rights Act, the advent of ID cards, and proposals to retain data on internet and email use. She declared: The
combination amounts to the most authoritarian time in my lifetime. In Britain, we are seeing happening things I would never have dreamt of seeing.
David Howarth, the Liberal Democrat justice spokesman, condemned the Government for burying
more building blocks of its surveillance state in a bill to reform the coroner service.
Nick Herbert, the shadow Justice Secretary, added: This government has shown a cavalier attitude to the security of personal data. There must be proper
safeguards for any measures which will enable ministers, with minimal parliamentary scrutiny, to allow sensitive information to be exchanged without barriers when it may have been collected for an unrelated purpose.
Passengers who buy a London train or tube ticket would automatically be giving their consent to be searched, under police proposals now under consideration.
Senior British Transport police officials told MPs today that they wanted to change the
railways' conditions of carriage to close a loophole that means officers using mobile knife-detecting arches at stations have no legal power to search someone who sets them off unless they have a reasonable suspicion that they are breaking
Assistant Chief Constable Paul Crowther of British Transport police told the Commons home affairs select committee that, as the law stood, it often made more sense to search passengers who deliberately avoided going through the arches.
The Home Office also confirmed today that the home secretary, Jacqui Smith, wants to introduce banning orders to tackle gang-related violence. She is considering legislation to allow civil injunctions to be used to ban individual gang members
from visiting particular areas or wearing insignia or clothes that signal their allegiances.
The idea was given a lukewarm reception by the Labour chairman of the select committee, Keith Vaz, who said he preferred to see measures that tackled the
underlying causes of gang culture rather than another method of simply containing the problem.
British Transport police say the proposal to make an agreement to being searched a condition of buying a railway or tube ticket would put the railways
on the same footing as public events such as football matches or concerts. Consent is already a condition of travel in the United States.
The transport police chief told MPs they could currently use the arches only to scan people who volunteered
to go through them, unless they had a reasonable suspicion the travellers were breaking the law.
This is the year when automated face-recognition finally goes mainstream, and it's about time we considered its social and political implications. Over the past few days, at trade fairs from Las Vegas to Seoul, a constant theme has been the unstoppable
advance of “FRT”, the benign abbreviation favoured by industry insiders. We learnt that Apple's iPhoto update will automatically scan your photos to detect people's faces and group them accordingly, and that Lenovo's new PC will log on users
by monitoring their facial patterns.
Governments and police are planning to implement increasingly accurate surveillance technologies that are unnoticeable, cheap, pervasive, ubiquitous, and searchable in real time. And private
businesses, from bars to workplaces, will also operate such systems, whose data trail may well be sold on or leaked to third parties - let's say, insurance companies that have an interest in knowing about your unhealthy lifestyle, or your ex-spouse who
wants evidence that you can afford higher maintenance payments.
Jacqui Smith will soon begin one of the Home Office's famed consultation exercises on new systems demanded by spy chiefs to snoop on internet communications in the UK. this is known as the Interception Modernisation Programme (IMP) .
the meantime, the imminently-in-force EU Data Retention Directive (EUDRD) is due to come into force on 15 March, as part of a European Commission directive which could affect every ISP in the country.
The EUDRD differs from Jacqui Smiths database
monstrosity in that EUDRD mandates communications data retention by ISPs in house whereas the IMP could propose retention by the UK government in a centralised database.
Both were originally to be implemented by the Communications Data Bill as
related but separate legal acknowledgements of law enforcement.
That marriage of convenience was cancelled, however, when it became clear its passage through parliament would cause the UK to fail to meet its legal obligation to transpose the
EUDRD by March 15. Instead the directive is being made UK law by statutory instrument (secondary legislation without a parliamentary hearing).
In the meantime, Whitehall infighting over the much more ambitious IMP intensified, prompting Jacqui
Smith to drop the Communications Data Bill from the Queen's Speech in favour of a public consultation, putatively scheduled to begin around the end of this month.
Plans for a Big Brother database holding records of every citizen's emails, internet visits and mobile phonecalls must include proper safeguards to protect the public from abuses of privacy, the head of the Crown Prosecution Service has warned.
Keir Starmer QC, the Director of Public Prosecutions, speaking publicly for the first time since taking up his post in November, said the Government, police and security agencies should only be allowed to collect and use that data where there was a clear
legitimate purpose that justified the invasion of an individual's privacy.
Starmer said: By its very nature criminal investigation touches on privacy. I think the right balance for any investigation or prosecution has got to have a
legitimate purpose. Investigation of crime is a legitimate purpose. But Starmer stressed, there must also be effective safeguards to act as a break on the state's invasion of the public's privacy.
His predecessor, Sir Ken Macdonald,
described the database as an unimaginable hell-house of personal private information.
Big Brother: How much will they know?
The wholesale collection and storage of all our email, internet and mobile phone records would allow the Government to know more than it has ever known about how we live our daily lives. By accessing mobile phone records and using GPS tracker technology
it would be possible to discover where a phone-user is on any given day. Police or the security services would also be able to establish the length of each call as well as the number that was dialled.
Messages to and from social networking sites
like Facebook and MySpace could also be subject to covert surveillance, meaning the Government would know both where we are and who our friends or associates might be. This information would be added to the records of all email traffic, allowing
investigators to form a clearer picture of our social lives. This would include all emails, although not the content, from unsolicited sources.
The picture would be completed by a trawl of our internet history which might lead the police to draw
conclusions about our interests and shopping habits. At no time would we know we were being snooped on.
Serious transition to a police state where your computer can be remotely searched
Note that the UK Government have been busy increasing the maximum penalties for minor crimes presumably so that they nominally become serious crimes. For example the Obscene Publications Act have been bumped up to 5 years so that publishing a couple of fisting pictures on a website would enable the police to
remote search your computer.
It doesn't sound very easy for government snoops to get people to click on email attachments but the state could easily trick people into installing software eg in the snazzy PDF forms that you have to download and
run to do online tax returns.
The UK Home Office has quietly adopted a new plan to allow police across Britain routinely to hack into people’s personal computers without a warrant.
The move, which follows a decision by the European Union’s council of ministers in
Brussels, has angered civil liberties groups and opposition MPs. They described it as a sinister extension of the surveillance state which drives a coach and horses through privacy laws.
The hacking is known as remote searching . It
allows police or MI5 officers who may be hundreds of miles away to examine covertly the hard drive of someone’s PC at his home, office or hotel room.
Material gathered in this way includes the content of all e-mails, web-browsing habits and
Under the Brussels edict, police across the EU have been given the green light to expand the implementation of a rarely used power involving warrantless intrusive surveillance of private property. The strategy will allow
French, German and other EU forces to ask British officers to hack into someone’s UK computer and pass over any material gleaned.
A remote search can be granted if a senior officer says he believes that it is proportionate and
necessary to prevent or detect serious crime — defined as any offence attracting a jail sentence of more than three years.
However, opposition MPs and civil liberties groups say that the broadening of such intrusive surveillance powers
should be regulated by a new act of parliament and court warrants. They point out that in contrast to the legal safeguards for searching a suspect’s home, police undertaking a remote search do not need to apply to a magistrates’ court for a
Shami Chakrabarti, director of Liberty, the human rights group, said she would challenge the legal basis of the move. These are very intrusive powers – as intrusive as someone busting down your door and coming into your home,
Richard Clayton, a researcher at Cambridge University’s computer laboratory, said that remote searches had been possible since 1994, although they were very rare. An amendment to the Computer Misuse Act 1990 made hacking legal
if it was authorised and carried out by the state. He said the authorities could break into a suspect’s home or office and insert a key-logging device into an individual’s computer. This would collect and, if necessary, transmit
details of all the suspect’s keystrokes. It’s just like putting a secret camera in someone’s living room, he said.
Police might also send an e-mail to a suspect’s computer. The message would include an attachment
that contained a virus or malware . If the attachment was opened, the remote search facility would be covertly activated. Alternatively, police could park outside a suspect’s home and hack into his or her hard drive using the wireless
The Association of Chief Police Officers (Acpo) said such intrusive surveillance was closely regulated under the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act. A spokesman said police were already carrying out a small number of these operations
which were among 194 clandestine searches last year of people’s homes, offices and hotel bedrooms.
Dominic Grieve, the shadow home secretary, agreed that the development may benefit law enforcement. But he added: The exercise of such
intrusive powers raises serious privacy issues. The government must explain how they would work in practice and what safeguards will be in place to prevent abuse.
The Home Office said it was working with other EU states to develop details of
The Home Office has denied it has made any change to rules governing how police can remotely snoop on people's computers.
Any such remote hack - which normally requires physical access to a computer or network or the use of a key-logging
virus - is governed by Ripa - and the rules have not changed.
But European discussions on giving police more access are underway - we reported on the meeting of ministers in October. But despite this Sunday Times story, no change has yet been
made. The paper claimed the Home Office: has quietly adopted a new plan to allow police across Britain routinely to hack into people’s personal computers.
A spokesman for the Home Office told the Reg that UK police can already snoop
- but these activities are governed by the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act and the Surveillance Commissioner. He said changes had been proposed at the last Interior Ministers' meeting, but nothing has happened since.
The German Interior
Ministry explained at the time that almost all partner countries have or intend to have in the near future national laws allowing access to computer hard drives and other data storage devices located on their territory. But the Germans noted the
legal basis of transnational searches is not in place and ministers were looking for ways to rectify this.
Britain must rethink plans for a database holding details of every email, mobile phone and internet visit, Europe's human rights commissioner has said in an outspoken attack on the growth of surveillance societies.
Thomas Hammarberg said that UK
proposals for sweeping powers to collect and store data will increase the risk of the violation of an individual's privacy.
Plans for the database of emails, phone calls and internet visits are to be published by the Home Office in
January. These proposals have already been described by the Government's own terrorism-law watchdog as awful and attacked by civil liberty groups for laying the basis of a Big Brother state.
Hammarberg, the Council of Europe's Commissioner for
Human Rights, told The Independent that surveillance technologies are developing at breathtaking speed. In a direct criticism of Britain, he said: It is therefore worrying that new legislation proposals intend to expand the authorities' power to allow
personal data collection and sharing. Although safety measures are foreseen, the adoption of these measures would increase the risk of violation of individuals' privacy.
The retention and storing of data is delicate and must be highly
protected from risk of abuse. We have already seen what a devastating and stigmatising effect losing files or publishing lists of names on the internet can have on the persons concerned. This is particularly relevant to the UK, where important private
data has been lost and ended up in the public domain.
Chris Huhne, the Liberal Democrat spokesman on home affairs, supported Hammarberg's criticism, saying: A major database for email, mobile phone calls and the internet would be an
astonishing and Orwellian step. 1984 was supposed to be a warning, not a blueprint.
The private sector will be asked
to manage and run a communications database that will keep track of everyone's calls, emails, texts and internet use under a key option contained in a consultation paper to be published next month by Jacqui Smith, the home secretary.
decision to put the management of the multibillion pound database of all UK communications traffic into private hands would be accompanied by tougher legal safeguards to guarantee against leaks and accidental data losses.
But in his strongest
criticism yet of the superdatabase, Sir Ken Macdonald, the former director of public prosecutions, who has firsthand experience of working with intelligence and law enforcement agencies, told the Guardian such assurances would prove worthless in the long
run and warned it would prove a hellhouse of personal private information.
Macdonald said: Authorisations for access might be written into statute. The most senior ministers and officials might be designated as scrutineers. But none of
this means anything. All history tells us that reassurances like these are worthless in the long run. In the first security crisis the locks would loosen.