Israel's Justice Ministry is drafting legislation that would allow the police to block access to child pornography and gambling websites without a court order.
The state is currently awaiting a related Supreme Court ruling on the same issue. The
government is appealing a district court ruling concluding that a police power to bar access to physical locations without a court order can be extended to internet websites.
The ministry's bill would allow an authorized police officer to
order an ISP to block access to any gambling or pedophilia site. A website could be blocked even if it also conducts legal activity, as long as the illegal activity constitutes more than a marginal portion of its total activity. The police order
would be in effect only for a limited time period.
Attorney Jonathan Klinger, an expert in the intersection of law and technology, said that, as written, he didn't think the law could survive a court challenge:
But above all, this is a bill that seeks to bring us down to the level of countries like Qatar, Pakistan, Iran, China and others. We have yet to see any country in the world that has censorship but doesn't use it for political purposes.
Israel's Ministerial Committee for Legislation has unanimously approved a bill forcing Israeli ISPs to censor pornography by default.
Under the terms of the bill, users who want to opt in for adult content would be required to notify their service
providers either in writing, by phone, or via the ISP's website.
The bill will now head to the Knesset, Israel's parliament, to start the process of legislative approval.
Critics say that aside from limiting freedom of information, the
attempt to censor inappropriate content would likely lasso similar but unrelated content such information on breast cancer and other educational material. In addition, critics said, the need for users to notify providers in order to gain access to
pornography is arguably a violation of privacy.
The bill was sponsored by Jewish Home MK Shuli Moalem-Refaeli, who noted that similar default blocking of adult content has been introduced in other Western countries, notably Britain.
said that ensuring non-pornographic states are not filtered by accident would be a challenge to overcome as the bill is fine-tuned before approval by the Knesset. She noted that sites which contain both adult-oriented and family-suitable material also
present difficulties to censoring systems.
A bill allowing Israeli courts to force social media companies to remove content defined as incitement has passed its first reading in parliament.
The Facebook bill sponsored by ministers Gilad Erdan and Ayelet Shaked would allow Israeli courts
to immediately order content taken down if it is deemed to pose a public, personal or state security risk and constitutes a criminal offense.
Facebook adheres to its own removal policy when it comes to online content and freedom of speech issues
and has generally not removed as much as state censors would like.
Tehilla Shwartz Altshuler of the Israel Democracy Institute has criticized the Facebook bill as too broad. She commented that the bill will not solve the problem and will hurt
freedom of expression for all.
A bill that would force ISPs in Israel to censor pornographic sites by default has been amended after heavy criticism from lawmakers over privacy concerns.
AN earlier version of the bill that was unanimously approved by the Ministerial Committee for
Legislation in late Octoberr but now a new version of the legislation has been passed which was sponsored by Likud MK Miki Zohar and Jewish Home MK Shuli Moalem-Refaeli. The differences seem subtle and are whether customers opt in or opt out of
network level website blocking.
Customers will have to confirm their preferences for website blocking every 3 months but may change their settings at any time.
The bill will incentivize internet companies to actively market
existing website blocking software to families. ISPs will receive NIS 0.50 ($0.13 cents) for every subscriber who opts to block adult sites.
In a refreshing divergence from UK internet censorship, ISPs will be legally required to delete all data
related to their users' surfing habits, to prevent creating de facto -- and easily leaked -- black lists of pornography consumers.
In comparison, internet companies are allowed to use or sell UK customer data for any purpose they so desire as long
as customers tick a consent box with some woolly text about improving the customer's experience.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu moved to halt the adoption of a new law aimed at curbing pornographic content on the Internet and possibly keeping tabs on people who watch porn. Netanyahu inquired:
We don't want our children to be exposed to harmful content, but my concern is about inserting regulation into a space in which there is no government regulation. Who will decide which content is permitted and which is
forbidden? Who will decide the interpretations?
A Galway MP to bring forward a bill in the Irish Parliament to prevent children accessing pornography on phones.
Fianna Fáil spokesperson on Youth Affairs, Anne Rabbitte, is hoping to bring a bill before the Dáil in January.
legislation would mean under 18s using pre-pay mobile phones would have to prove their age when accessing certain content. She says the bill means companies would have an automatic adult filter that will need age verification before being removed.